Births/Deaths

Introduction

The latest population estimates reveal that Warwickshire is home to an estimated 556,750 people, this is an increase of 2,748 people from the previous year. The rate of growth in Warwickshire is below that experienced nationally (0.83%), but at county level the growth rate has increased from 0.44% for 2014 to 2015, to 0.50% for 2015 to 2016.

Births

Over the past 15 years there has been a significant increase in the annual number of births in Warwickshire, up from 5,254 in 2001, to 5,951 in 2016, an increase of 13.3%. However, from 2015 to 2016 there was a slight decrease of -2.2% or 135 fewer births. All districts/boroughs experienced a decrease in the number of live births between 2015 and 2016. North Warwickshire Borough was the district/borough to see the greatest decrease in the number of live births, decreasing from 664 in 2015 to 614 in 2016 (-7.5%).

  Live Births 2015 Live Births 2016 Change % Change
Warwickshire 6,086 5,951 -135 -2.2%
North Warwickshire 664 614 -50 -7.5%
Nuneaton and Bedworth 1,589 1,575 -14 -0.9%
Rugby 1,266 1,224 -42 -3.3%
Stratford-on-Avon 1,103 1,097 -6 -0.5%
Warwick 1,464 1,441 -23 -1.6%

General Fertility Rates (GFR) show the number of live births per 1,000 women aged 15-44, in the selected population; this is a measure of current fertility levels. Total Fertility Rates (TFR) on the other hand, refers to the average number of live children that a group of women would bear if they experienced the age-specific fertility rates of the calendar. At county level, GFR decreased but the TFR increased from 2015 to 2016. Overall, Nuneaton & Bedworth Borough has the highest GFR in the county (67.9), whilst Warwick District has the lowest (53.0). Conversely, Rugby Borough and Nuneaton and Bedworth Borough have the highest TFR in the county (both 2.01), whilst Warwick District again has the lowest (1.63). Interestingly, Stratford-on-Avon District saw both its GFR and TFR increase – all other districts/boroughs experienced a decrease in GFR during this period. Stratford-on-Avon District also had the greatest increase in TFR between 2015 and 2016.

  2015 GFR 2016 GFR GFR Change 2015 TFR 2016 TFR TFR Change
Warwickshire 61.8 61.0 -0.8 1.82 1.83 0.01
North Warwickshire 62.7 58.5 -4.2 1.69 1.78 0.09
Nuneaton and Bedworth 68.0 67.9 -0.1 1.94 2.01 0.07
Rugby 67.6 66.2 -1.4 2.05 2.01 -0.04
Stratford-on-Avon 59.5 60.0 0.5 1.80 1.92 0.12
Warwick 53.6 53.0 -0.6 1.70 1.63 -0.07

Deaths

In 2016 a total of 5,441 deaths were recorded in Warwickshire. This represents a decrease of -0.1% on the previous twelve months. There was an increase in the number of deaths from 2015 to 2016 in some districts/borough whilst a decrease in others:

  • North Warwickshire Borough (7.7%)
  • Rugby Borough (3.5%)
  • Warwick District (2.2%)
  • Stratford-on-Avon District (-0.7%)
  • Nuneaton and Bedworth Borough (-8.3%)

The two main causes of death in Warwickshire are cancer and heart-related diseases

What do we need to do?

Although it is known that the population of the county is ageing and life expectancy is continuing to rise, it needs recognising that pressures on health and social care services are increasing at both ends of the age spectrum. Commissioning plans need to reflect both of these issues.

Who needs to know?

All stakeholders